Vol. 44, No. 1-2, March-June 2016
The Impact of the European Union on the Democratization of Civil-Military Relations in Turkey
This paper investigates the influence of Turkey’s European Union (EU) candidature on its civil-military relations. It argues that EU conditionality and adaptation pressure for the convergence and alignment of Turkey’s authoritarian political regime to the EU acquis communautaire have resulted in the democratization of civil-military relations and the empowerment of government in the Turkish political system. The findings indicate that harmonization reforms have deinstitutionalized and illegalized the coercive influence of the military in the Turkish political system and empowered the government in political decision-making by: (a) changing the functions, duties and composition of the National Security Council (NSC), (b) increasing the parliamentary control over, and transparency in, defense and military expenditure, and the civil judiciary control over the military, and (c) increasing the public support and trust to the civil institutions. It utilizes Europeanization, and the rational choice and historical versions of the new institutionalist theory as its theoretical framework.
The European Parliament in the Ukrainian Association Puzzle
This article analyzes the European Parliament’s engagement in EU-Ukraine relations for the main period of the Association Agreement negotiations (2010-2014). This case study reveals the growing independence and relevance of the European Parliament as an actor in EU external relations. Continuing its traditional role of promoting human rights and the principles of democratic rule, the Parliament attempted the role of agenda-setter, installing these principles in the wider context of EU relations with a target country. Furthermore, its focus on the security aspects after the commencement of the Russian aggression against Ukraine manifests its growing ambition towards a new role in EU foreign policy. Although these claims go far beyond the formal Treaty-based competences, they are in line with the trend of the “creeping parliamentarization” of the CFSP.
Words and Wits: A Territorial Debate and the Creation of an Epistemic Community in Interwar Dobruja (1913-1940)
This article establishes a link between a creation of an epistemic community and a territorial debate while addressing the Romanian-Bulgarian dispute regarding Dobruja. Moving beyond approaches centered on an investigation of similar territorial debates over contested lands and their immediate outcomes, the paper primarily analyses the potential of a political conflict for generating a community of intellectuals who become involved in propagating their respective state and nation-building causes. Putting the case of interwar Dobruja into the context of “entangled history”, the study clarifies its place within the framework of similar debates regarding other borderlands. Relying on the publications of the participants of the debate, the article claims that a conflict over a territory and the possibilities of its integration binds together influential public actors, various representatives of the local intellectual elite, uniting them in an unlikely epistemic community.