The course will discuss current approaches about the normative significance and requirements of political equality. Almost everyone today accepts at a minimum that political equality requires granting each sane adult person a vote and the liberty to run for office. However, there is disagreement about further, more demanding requirements. What sources of inequality of political influence are compatible with political equality? To which phases of political decision-making do these requirements apply? Furthermore, there is no agreement regarding the normative basis of the ideal of political equality. Does its importance derive from the more fundamental ideal of distributive equality, or does it have independent moral significance? Should we value political influence as a personal good, or is it rather to be regarded as a public responsibility? If it is to be valued as good for persons, is it acceptable to trade it for other goods, and if so, under what circumstances? Is political ideal a unitary ideal or does it have independent components. These are some of the questions that will be discussed during the course.